German East Africa , German Deutsch-Ostafrika , former dependency of imperial Germany , corresponding to present-day Rwanda and Burundi , the continental portion of Tanzania , and a small section of Mozambique . Penetration of the area was begun in 1884 by German commercial agents, and German claims were recognized by the other European powers in the period 1885–94. In 1891 the German imperial government took over administration of the area from the German East Africa Company . Although its subjugation was not completed until 1907, the colony experienced considerable economic development before World War I . During the war it was occupied by the British, who received a mandate to administer the greater part of it (Tanganyika Territory) by the Treaty of Versailles (signed June 1919; enacted January 1920). A smaller portion (Ruanda-Urundi) was entrusted to Belgium .
Soon after the opening of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the East German legislature passed a law to reconstitute the Ministry of State Security as the Office for National Security (Amt für Nationale Sicherheit). However, because of public outcry, the office was never established, and the Stasi was formally disbanded in February 1990. Concerned that Stasi officials were destroying the organization’s files, East German citizens occupied its main headquarters in Berlin on January 15, 1990. In 1991, after considerable debate, the unified German parliament ( Bundestag ) passed the Stasi Records Law , which granted to Germans and foreigners the right to view their Stasi files. By the early 21st century, nearly two million people had done so.