Thy-1 can be considered as a surrogate marker for various kind of stem cells (. hematopoietic stem cells or HSCs). It is one of the popular combinatorial surface markers for FACS for stem cells in combination with other markers like CD34 . In humans, Thy-1 is expressed on neurons and HSCs among others. It is considered a major marker of HSC pluripotency in concordance with CD34. In human HSCs, Thy1 cells are all CD34 positive.     Thy 1 is also a marker of other kind of stem cells, for example: mesenchymal stem cells, hepatic stem cells ("oval cells"),  keratinocyte stem cells,  putative endometrial progenitor/(?)stem cells. 
The correlation between DNA methylation and chromatin structure, as it relates to transcriptional activity, is demonstrated by the observation that there are several proteins, that bind to methylated CpGs but not to unmethylated CpGs, whose functions are integrated into transcriptional regulation. There are currently 15 genes in the human genome that encode proteins that bind to methyl-CpG in DNA. These 15 proteins are divided into 3 subfamilies identified by structural similarities. These sub-families are the methyl binding domain (MBD) proteins, the methyl-CpG-binding zinc finger proteins (also called the Kaiso family), and the SRA domain ( S ET and R ING finger domain A ssociated) containing proteins. The SET domain is so-called because it was first identified in three Drosophila proteins called S uppressor of variegation variant 3-9 [Su(var)3-9], E nhancer of zeste, and T rithorax. The RING domain is a zinc-finger-like domain which gets its name from the term R eally I nteresting N ew G ene.